Music therapy is the use of musical skills and musical elements by an accredited therapist to promote, maintain and restore mental, physical, emotional and spiritual. Clients in a regular music therapy sessions are invited to sing, learn to play music, even made a short song, or in other words an active interaction with the music, and not just listen passively as happened in the Mozart effect.
Activity and passivity of the perpetrators of the music is what distinguishes the music therapy in general with the Mozart effect. In addition, music therapy, music is varied and not limited to the music of Mozart alone.
While the Mozart effect emerging in 1993, while the ideas and the use of music therapy has been around since the days of ancient Greece by Plato and Pythagoras. The use of music therapy has proven beneficial for cognitive development, behavior and health. Even the music therapy has also been used to help victims of the World War I and II. With the use of music, the victims reported heal faster and have better conditions.
Not a lot of similarities between the effects of Mozart and music therapy, in addition to both use music interventions to improve the state of the client / patient, but their impact on the two differ.
Mozart effect only lasted a few minutes, a limited effect on the ability of spatial-temporal, and has not reported the impact of these effects on health in general. While the impact of music therapy is prolonged (long-last), affect the overall ability of (multiple), and much health progress report due to the intervention of music therapy.
Debat over Legitimacy of Music Therapy
Regardless of the ongoing debate over the legitimacy of the music as a form of therapy, undeniable that music therapy is already widely practiced and the results are quite amazing. Even the music has been recognized as one of the forms of complementary therapies (complementary therapy), as well as acupuncture, massage therapy, and chiropathy.
Music therapy began to develop in the United States and around the world, even in Third World countries there is clinical music therapy and music research is already being developed. This shows that music besides having an aesthetic aspect, also therapeutic aspects, so the music is widely used to help the healing, calming, and improve the physiological condition of the patient and medical personnel.