Music therapy not only serves to facilitate positive changes in the behavior of adult humans, but also have a positive effect on children with autism. Music, according to research acts as external stimuli that make children uncomfortable, because it does not engage in direct contact with humans.
Benefits of therapy
Improve the social emotional development of children. When starting a relationship, children with autism tend to be physically ignored or reject the social contacts offered by others. And music therapy to help stop the withdrawal is a way to build a relationship with the object, in this case musical instrument.
Children with autism, based on the results of the study, see the instrument as something fun. These children are usually very fond of the form, touch and sound is also generated. Therefore, this musical instrument can be a mediator to establish relationships between children with autism with other individuals.
Help verbal and nonverbal communication. Music therapy can also help the child’s ability to communicate by way of increasing the production of vocals and speech as well as stimulate mental processes in terms of understanding and identify. The therapist will try to create a communication link between the behaviors of children with a particular sound.
Children with autism are usually easier to recognize and more open to the sound than the verbal approach. Awareness of this music and the relationship between music acts with a child has the potential to encourage communication.
Encouraging emotional fulfillment, most children with autism are less able to respond to stimuli that should help them feel the right emotion. But, because children with autism may respond well to music, the music therapy can help children by providing an environment that is free from fear.
During the therapy sessions, each child has the freedom to express themselves as they wish, according to their own way. They can make a fuss, hitting instruments, shouting and expressing pleasure will be emotional satisfaction. In addition, music therapy helps children with autism:
- Teaches social skills Increase understanding of the language
- Encourages the desire to communicate
- Teach children to express themselves creatively
- Reducing non-communicative speech
- Reduce the repetition of words spoken others instantly and uncontrolled
Music therapy will be designed, executed, and evaluated in accordance with the needs of each child. During therapy the child will be involved in several activities such as:
- Listen to music or musical creations
- Playing a musical instrument
- Moving to the music