Music is sound that is processed such that it contains rhythm, song and harmony so that anyone can enjoy listening to. As the technological development also had an impact that music is good for the mind or soul of man, music is also believed to be used as a tool and a means for the treatment and therapy, and on today often referred to as music therapy and music therapy whether it?
Function of Music Therapy
Music therapy can be enabled to improve physical health, social interaction, interpersonal relationships, expressions, emotions and increase self-awareness to foster a relationship of mutual trust, develop physical and mental functions regularly and programmed. Music therapy is also a unique application in helping to improve the quality of life by producing positive changes in behavior. Music therapy has been applied to people with mental disorders, brain disorders or injuries due to trauma can also as a counselor for people with disabilities.
According to research by experts basically almost all types of music can be used as a tool for therapy, but there are a few that are often used for therapy
Frequently used types Music Therapy
Jazz music is a fusion instrument commonly use musical instruments such as guitars, trombone, piano, saxophone as the main music. By listening to jazz music can make us feel relax because jazz is instrumental in the process of maturation of the right brain hemispheres although it can also affect the brain left. Effect or atmosphere good feeling and emotion perception, expression or emotional experience consciousness predominantly mediated by the human right brain hemispheres.
2. Traditional Music
Traditional music is the music coming from various regions, characteristic of this kind of music lies in the sound produced by the instrument and each language and region. Java style is believed to reduce pain felt by the birth mother.
3. Classical Music
Classical music is a fusion instrument that uses musical instruments such as violin, viola, piano and cello as the main instrument. Classical music has a tendency to calm the body, normalize heart rate and blood pressure, commonly believed also can increase children’s intelligence, and the type of classical music is the most demanding as music therapy.
4. Music From Nature
Music of Nature is music or sound produced by the surrounding natural environment like the sound of splashing water, bird sounds, or sound waves that are believed also to therapy, because it has the effect of calming the mind, besides the sound waves are also believed to relieve ear disorders buzzing.
The most important factor to get the benefits of music therapy is choosing the type of music, rhythm, and harmony is adapted to the objectives to be achieved. Another way that music can be an effective and useful therapy is to develop a taste in music that we have, for example, by learning to play an instrument and learning to sing, but to channel the grief and anxiety can be useful also to reconnect the brain are damaged in patients with stroke, other ways to developing the musical tastes are trying to ask a friend or family about what kind of music he likes and what the positive impact they feel when listening to the music.